Uttarakhand is witnessing unprecedented forest fires, that too in April when temperatures are but to the touch the utmost vary, forest officers stated. Higher temperatures usually set off such fires.
This time round, forest fires began within the winter months in lots of districts. Most hill districts like Nainital, Almora, Tehri and Pauri have come beneath the grip of raging forest fires.
Compared to 172 hectares final yr, over 1290 hectares of forest land received affected by forest fires this yr. The state has reported over 39 new forest fireplace incidents within the final 48 hours, taking the variety of such incidents this yr to 983. Also, 4 human deaths and 7 animal fatalities have been reported thus far attributable to these forest fires.
Forest fireplace exercise is mostly reported in Uttarakhand from February to June, with a peak in fireplace incidents in May and June.
According to forest officers, other than much less rain within the winter months, as a result of concern of epidemic and the lockdown, motion within the forests was restricted. Due to this, a variety of flamable materials, largely pine needles, received accrued on the forest ground. These supplies are cleared yearly throughout management burning however it was affected over the previous yr, which is without doubt one of the causes for the spike in forest fires.
Most circumstances of forest fireplace incidents in Uttarakhand are man-made and the lowered variety of circumstances is probably going attributable to restricted motion of individuals in and close to forest areas.
Since the formation of the state in 2000, over 44,554 hectares of the forest space has been broken in forest fires, in keeping with an RTI reply by the Uttarakhand authorities.
Forest fires affected 172 hectares of jungles final yr. The forest space affected attributable to forest fires in 2019 was 2,981 hectares. The corresponding determine was 4,480 hectares in 2018, 1,228 hectares in 2017, 4,433 hectares in 2016 and 701 hectares in 2015.
Uttarakhand forest division has over 174 watchtowers and 1,437 station crews throughout the state to maintain a tab on forest fires and take measures to examine them.
With the variety of forest fireplace incidents rising, consultants and Opposition events have accused the federal government of “not focusing” to sort out the state of affairs which is “turning catastrophic.”
Prominent social activist Anoop Nautiyal, who has been keeping track of forest fireplace incidents, stated, “The forest fire situation is turning catastrophic in the state, destroying our forests.”
“The senior IFS officers of the state should come together and clear the actual picture of the situation and come up with effective solutions to tackle it,” stated Nautiyal who additionally questioned the usage of a helicopter for showering flowers in Mahakumbh however not in preventing forest fires.
State Congress president Pritam Singh additionally questioned the federal government’s “inaction” towards forest fires and stated, “State’s precious forests are burning down in these forest fires but the government is not looking at it. The state forest minister is nowhere to be seen in the picture when he should come forward to save our forest from this disaster which is now affecting people and their properties.”
State forest division officers, nonetheless, stated that the variety of forest fireplace incidents are rising this yr attributable to “change in climatic conditions.”
Maan Singh, chief conservationist of forest (fireplace and catastrophe administration) stated, “Forest fires have increased in the last one week because of strong winds and no rainfall. It is also due to the rise in temperature with less rainfall and snowfall during the winters.”
Informing that the division is totally alert and ready to combat the forest fireplace state of affairs, Singh stated, “We have sent a proposal to the Centre demanding two choppers, one each for Garhwal and Kumaon regions to fight forest fires. Once it is cleared, we will then use them in tackling such incidents.”
He knowledgeable that about 3,000 forest division staffers and 6,000 forest fireplace watchers are concerned at current to handle the state of affairs.
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