India has slipped 28 locations to rank 140th amongst 156 international locations, turning into the third-worst performer in South Asia, in line with the World Economic Forum report that additionally says the pandemic has rolled again years of progress in direction of equality between women and men world over.
According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2021 launched on Wednesday, India had regressed the very best within the sub-category of political empowerment (13.5 proportion factors) with a major decline within the variety of girls ministers (from 23.1% in 2019 to 9.1% in 2021).
The nation had ranked 112th amongst 153 international locations in 2020 rating.
“Among the drivers of this decline (in India’s ranking) is a decrease in women’s labour force participation rate, which fell from 24.8% to 22.3%. In addition, the share of women in professional and technical roles declined further to 29.2%. The share of women in senior and managerial positions also remains low: only 14.6% of these positions are held by women and there are only 8.9% firms with female top managers,” the report mentioned.
Further, the estimated earned revenue of ladies in India is barely one-fifth of males’s, which places the nation among the many backside 10 globally on this indicator, it mentioned.
In South Asia, solely Pakistan and Afghanistan ranked under India. Among India’s neighbours, Bangladesh ranked 65, Nepal 106, Pakistan 153, Afghanistan 156, Bhutan 130 and Sri Lanka 116.
Among areas, South Asia is the second-lowest performer on the index, with 62.3% of its total gender hole closed.
“Within the region, a wide gulf separates the best-performing country, Bangladesh, which has closed 71.9% of its gender gap so far, from Afghanistan, which has only closed 44.4% of its gap.
“India is the third-worst performer in the region, having closed 62.5% of its gap. Because of its large population, India’s performance has a substantial impact on the region’s overall performance,” the report mentioned.
An extended wait
The pandemic has additionally added a long time to the trajectory in direction of closing the gender hole, the report mentioned.
A variety of research have proven that the Covid-19 pandemic has had a disproportionate impression on girls, who’ve misplaced jobs at a better price than males, and needed to tackle way more of the additional childcare burden when colleges closed.
The results shall be felt within the long-term, in line with WEF, which present in its report that the goalposts for gender parity gave the impression to be shifting additional away. The organisation, which often gathers the worldwide elite within the plush Swiss ski resort of Davos annually, had present in its earlier report, revealed in December 2019 proper earlier than the pandemic hit, that gender parity throughout a spread of areas can be reached inside 99.5 years.
But this 12 months’s report reveals the world will not be on monitor to shut the gender hole for one more 135.6 years. “Another generation of women will have to wait for gender parity,” the WEF mentioned in an announcement. The Geneva-based organisation’s annual report tracks disparities between the sexes in 156 international locations throughout 4 areas: schooling, well being, financial alternative and political empowerment.
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