The presence of high attitude passes en-route to north and south banks of Pangong Tso on Ladakh rules out any withdrawal of Indian armoured units from the contested points.

The eighth spherical of India-China navy and diplomatic degree talks is predicted to happen subsequent week to debate disengagement in Ladakh whilst armies of the 2 nations put together for snow and winter deployment alongside the 1,597km Line of Actual Control (LAC).

According to senior officers, either side should not impatient over a decision on the friction factors however have determined to maintain the dialogue channels open at each navy commander and diplomatic ranges. The talks are additionally geared toward stopping any vertical escalation on the friction factors both attributable to an accident or aggressiveness of a person commander.

While the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has proposed that either side withdraw armoured and artillery items as a part of de-escalation first after which go for dis-engagement of infantry, the Indian aspect may be very clear that armoured items can’t be withdrawn as it can give benefit to the adversary attributable to terrain and functionality.

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As a senior navy commander defined, the difficulty is that the Indian Army’s method to each north and south financial institution of Pangong Tso is thru two very excessive mountain passes– the 17,590 ft Chang La and 18,314 ft Marsimik La. While Chang La lies between the highway from Leh to the contested south financial institution of Pangong Tso, Marsimik La lies between the contested north banks of the lake and Kongka La. The highway from contested Gogra-Hot Springs close to KongKa La to north Pangong Tso runs by Marsimik La.

Also learn | China turns Indian proposal on its head, wants de-escalation first and then disengagement

“If India were to withdraw its armoured units from south of Pangong Tso to beyond Chang La or beyond Marsimik La, then they will never reach back to the contested points in a worst-case scenario as both the passes are blocked by heavy snow till April every year. The PLA, on the other hand, have an advantage as they have a six-lane Kashgar-Lhasa highway just 10 km from both Marsimik La and Kongka La with roads running right up to their posts,” mentioned a senior official.

Also learn | Need to restore peace along LAC: S Jaishankar

While PLA launched aggression in Galwan Valley, Gogra-Hot Springs and north banks of Pangong Tso in April-May this yr, the Indian Army was capable of pre-empt their strikes south of Pangong Tso to occupy the Rezang La -Rechin La ridgeline in final week of August. The scenario continues to stay tense because the PLA is deployed in full in occupied Aksai Chin in addition to in-depth areas as much as Chengdu and Kashgar. PLA’s air power is constant with its fight patrols within the space with close by airbases energetic.

Given the circumstances, the Indian Army and the PLA are deployed on the contested factors with distance being maintained in order that any probability of an accident is dominated out. Indian medical amenities have come up alongside the LAC in order that victims of high-altitude illness get rapid therapy and never await heli-lift to a specialised hospital at Hundar in Partapur.


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