The so-called higher castes dominate the listing of 70 candidates fielded by the Congress celebration for the upcoming Bihar meeting elections, however the grand previous celebration has given a very good share of tickets to Dalits and Muslims, in a bid to win again its conventional blended vote financial institution within the state.
The celebration has fielded 33 higher castes, of which Bhumihar are 11, Brahmin and Rajputs 9 every, and Kayasthas 4. The celebration has additionally given tickets to 13 Dalits and 12 Muslims within the state. These castes and spiritual teams had shaped a profitable mixture for the Congress in Bihar until the emergence of backward caste politics in 1990s.
“We have returned to our winning combination, and are confident of putting up a good show in the coming elections,” mentioned a Congress functionary.
Of the remaining candidates, 11 are from the opposite backward courses (OBCs)—who represent 51% of Bihar’s 105-million inhabitants as per the 2011 census. Of the OBC candidates, 5 are Yadavs, three belong to the Vaish (Bania) neighborhood, two are Kurmis, and one is from Koeri neighborhood. The celebration has additionally fielded one candidate from the scheduled tribes (STs).
Uppers castes which kind 15% inhabitants of the state, have the very best share in seats. Of the 4 higher castes, Brahmins kind about 5% state inhabitants, Bhumihars represent practically 5%, Rajputs round 4% and Kayasthas over 1%.
While Muslims account for round 16.9% inhabitants of Bihar, the state has a Dalit inhabitants of 16%.
As constituents of the Grand Alliance or mahagathbandhan, the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) is preventing on 144 seats, Congress 70 and the Left events 29.
Jagannath Mishra was the final Congress chief minister in Bihar in 1990, and since then the grand previous celebration has been lowered to the margins within the state with its political graph declining quickly.
The late 1990s additionally noticed the rise of backward caste leaders resembling Lalu Prasad, Nitish Kumar, and Sharad Yadav on account of Mandal politics (within the aftermath of the Mandal Commission report which gave 27% reservations in authorities jobs for Other Backward Classes (OBCs).
While the higher castes sided with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) within the wake of the Ram Temple motion, the OBCs, Muslims, and Dalits shifted their allegiance to totally different regional events such because the RJD, the Janata Dal (United) and the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP).
In the previous three many years, Congress labored with totally different mixtures of caste and spiritual teams as a part of its organisational restructuring to not solely test the erosion of its help base but additionally see to make sure its resurgence. But all such makes an attempt failed to assist the celebration to regain its misplaced glory. It has been driving piggy-back on the RJD in the previous couple of elections.
Patna-based political analyst Professor Ajay Kumar Jha mentioned Brahmins, Muslims and Dalits had been as soon as the standard vote banks of the grand previous celebration, however moved away from it with the emergence of Mandal-kamandal politics (Kamandhal refers to an rectangular water pot utilized by sadhus and the time period is commonly used to explain the Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) Hindutva politics). “Congress’ vote bank has eroded in Bihar over the years, and it depends largely on RJD to register some gains. It is also very difficult to say that traditional vote banks of Congress will come back to the party with the new strategy,” he added.
In its listing of 70 candidates, the Congress has not shied away from giving tickets to the kin of senior politicians.
Among them are Shubhanand Mukesh, son of Congress Legislature Party (CLP) chief Sadhanand Singh, former BJP chief Shatrughan Sinha’s son Luv Sinha, insurgent Janata Dal (United) chief Sharad Yadav’s daughter Subhashini Raj Rao, Mithilesh Choudhary, a relative of cricketer-turned-politician Kirti Azad and former chief minister Abdul Ghafoor’s grandson Asif Ghafoor.
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